Giant cell arteritis
Other Names for this Disease
- Arteritis cranialis
- Arteritis temporalis
- Cranial arteritis
- Horton disease
- Secondary glomerular disease
vasculitis, a group of disorders that cause inflammation of blood vessels. In GCA, the vessels of the head are most involved (especially the temporal arteries, located on each side of the head), but other blood vessels can also become inflamed. The inflammation causes the arteries to narrow, resulting in inadequate blood flow. Signs and symptoms may include a throbbing headache on one side of the head or the back of the head; tenderness of the scalp; various symptoms that feel like the flu; and/or problems with eyesight. The cause of GCA is unknown, but an abnormal immune response has been suspected. It has been linked to severe infections and high doses of antibiotics. Early treatment is important and may include corticosteroids and/or other medications that suppress the immune system.Giant cell arteritis (GCA) is a form of
Last updated: 8/24/2015
- Polymyalgia Rheumatica and Giant Cell Arteritis. NIAMS. April, 2015; http://www.niams.nih.gov/Health_Info/Polymyalgia/default.asp.
- Temporal arteritis. MedlinePlus. February 6, 2013; https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000448.htm.
- The Mayo Clinic Web site provides further information on Giant cell arteritis.
- MedlinePlus was designed by the National Library of Medicine to help you research your health questions, and it provides more information about this topic.
- The Merck Manual provides information on this condition for patients and caregivers.
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