Spastic diplegia cerebral palsy
Other Names for this Disease
- Cerebral palsy spastic diplegic
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cerebral palsy, a neurological condition that usually appears in infancy or early childhood and permanently affects muscle control and coordination. Affected people have increased muscle tone which leads to spasticity (stiff or tight muscles and exaggerated reflexes) in the legs. The arm muscles are generally less affected or not affected at all. Other signs and symptoms may include delayed motor or movement milestones (i.e. rolling over, sitting, standing); walking on toes; and a "scissored" gait (style of walking). It occurs when the portion of the brain that controls movement is damaged or develops abnormally. The exact underlying cause is often unknown; however, the condition has been associated with genetic abnormalities; congenital brain malformations; maternal infections or fevers; and/or injury before, during or shortly after birth. There is no cure, and treatment options vary depending on the signs and symptoms present in each person and the severity of the condition.Spastic diplegia cerebral palsy is a form of
Last updated: 1/6/2014
- Cerebral Palsy: Hope Through Research. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. November 2014; http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/cerebral_palsy/detail_cerebral_palsy.htm.
- Facts About Cerebral Palsy. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. November 2014; http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/cp/facts.html.
- Cerebral Palsy. NORD. February 2008; http://www.rarediseases.org/rare-disease-information/rare-diseases/byID/63/viewAbstract.
- Hoda Z Abdel-Hamid, MD. Cerebral Palsy. Medscape Reference. June 2013; http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1179555-overview.
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- The Merck Manual for health care professionals provides information on Spastic diplegia cerebral palsy.
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