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Diseases

Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

Stenotrophomonas maltophilia infection


Other Names for this Disease
  • S. maltophilia
  • S. maltophilia infection
  • Stenotrophomonas maltophilia
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Cause

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What causes Stenotrophomonas maltophilia infection?

Stenotrophomonas maltophilia (S. maltophilia) infections are caused by the S. maltophilia bacteria. These bacteria live in various aquatic (water-based) environments. In a hospital setting, they are able to survive and multiply in fluids such as respiratory secretions, urine, and intravenous (IV) fluids.[1][2]

Most healthy people do not get S. maltophilia infections. However, people who are hospitalized and receiving treatment for other conditions may be susceptible to these infections, especially those with severely impaired immune systems. Factors that increase the risk for S. maltophilia infection include admission to an intensive care unit, prolonged hospitalization, HIV infection, cancer, cystic fibrosis, neutropenia, recent surgery, trauma, mechanical ventilation, and previous therapy with broad-spectrum antibiotics (medications that target a wide range of bacteria).[1][2]
Last updated: 3/9/2015

References
  1. Burke A Cunha, MD. Stenotrophomonas Maltophilia. Medscape Reference. December 2014; http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/237024-overview.
  2. Sarah S Lewis, MD; Aimee Zaas, MD, MHS. Stenotrophomonas maltophilia. UpToDate. January 2014; Accessed 3/9/2015.


Other Names for this Disease
  • S. maltophilia
  • S. maltophilia infection
  • Stenotrophomonas maltophilia
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.