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Diseases

Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy


Other Names for this Disease
  • Familial intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy
  • ICP
  • Recurrent intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy
  • RICP
  • Pregnancy related cholestasis
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Overview

Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) is a disorder of the liver that occurs in women during pregnancy. Cholestasis is a condition that impairs the release of bile (a digestive juice) from liver cells. The bile then builds up in the liver, impairing liver function. Symptoms typically become apparent in the third trimester of pregnancy and can include severe itching (pruritus). Occasionally, the skin and the whites of the eyes can have a yellow appearance (jaundice). ICP is additionally associated with risks to the developing baby such as premature delivery and stillbirth. The cause of ICP is largely unknown, although approximately 15% of cases are caused by mutations in either the ABCB11 or ABCB4 genes. Mutations within the ABCB11 and ABCB4 genes are inherited in an autosomal dominant manner. Symptoms of ICP are typically limited to pregnancy. Bile flow returns to normal after delivery and the signs and symptoms of the condition disappear, however, they can return during later pregnancies.[1][2]
Last updated: 3/15/2016

References

  1. Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy. Genetics Home Reference. May 2015; https://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition/intrahepatic-cholestasis-of-pregnancy.
  2. Rigby FB. Intrahepatic Cholestasis of Pregnancy. Medscape. February 24, 2016; http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1562288-overview.
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Basic Information

  • Genetics Home Reference (GHR) contains information on Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy. This website is maintained by the National Library of Medicine.
  • The MayoClinic.com provides information about Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy. Click on the above link to access this information.

In Depth Information

  • Medscape Reference provides information on this topic. You may need to register to view the medical textbook, but registration is free.
  • Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) is a catalog of human genes and genetic disorders. Each entry has a summary of related medical articles. It is meant for health care professionals and researchers. OMIM is maintained by Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. 
    Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy type 1
    Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy type 3
  • Orphanet is a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs. Access to this database is free of charge.
  • PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.
Other Names for this Disease
  • Familial intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy
  • ICP
  • Recurrent intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy
  • RICP
  • Pregnancy related cholestasis
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.