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Diseases

Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

Multifocal choroiditis


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Overview

Multifocal choroiditis (MFC) is an inflammatory disorder characterized by swelling of the eye (called uveitis) and multiple lesions in the choroid, a layer of blood vessels between the white of the eye and the retina. Symptoms include blurry vision, floaters, sensitivity to light, blind spots and mild eye discomfort.[1] Though the cause is unknown, multifocal choroiditis is seen most frequently in women ages 20 to 60, and usually affects both eyes.[2] MFC is generally treated with steroid medication that can be taken orally or injected into the eye. Multifocal choroiditis is a chronic condition, thus symptoms may return or worsen even after successful treatment.[3]        
Last updated: 3/7/2016

References

  1. Stephen Foster. Multifocal Choroiditis and Panuveities (MCOP): Case Report. The Ocular Immunology and Uveitis Foundation. http://www.uveitis.org/multifocal-choroiditis-and-panuveitis. Accessed 3/7/2016.
  2. Courtney M Crawford and Okezie Igboeli. A Review of the Inflammatory Chorioretinopathies: The White Dot Syndromes. International Scholarly Research Notices. May, 2013; http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3833360/.
  3. Sam E Mansour and Gary R Cook. Multifocal Choroidopathy Syndromes. Medscape. October 5, 2015; http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1190935-overview#a2.
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In Depth Information

  • Medscape Reference provides information on this topic. You may need to register to view the medical textbook, but registration is free.
  • The Monarch Initiative brings together data about this condition from humans and other species to help physicians and biomedical researchers. Monarch’s tools are designed to make it easier to compare the signs and symptoms (phenotypes) of different diseases and discover common features. This initiative is a collaboration between several academic institutions across the world and is funded by the National Institutes of Health. Visit the website to explore the biology of this condition.
  • PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Multifocal choroiditis. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.