This table lists symptoms that people with this disease may have. For most diseases, symptoms will vary from person to person. People with the same disease may not have all the symptoms listed. This information comes from a database called the Human Phenotype Ontology (HPO) . The HPO collects information on symptoms that have been described in medical resources. The HPO is updated regularly. Use the HPO ID to access more in-depth information about a symptom.
|Medical Terms||Other Names||
|80%-99% of people have these symptoms|
Psychiatric disturbances[ more ]
|Decreased nerve conduction velocity||0000762|
Loss of developmental milestones
Mental deterioration in childhood[ more ]
Impaired gait[ more ]
Knee hyperextension[ more ]
Mental retardation, nonspecific
Mental-retardation[ more ]
|Neurological speech impairment||
Speech impediment[ more ]
|30%-79% of people have these symptoms|
Stiff joints[ more ]
Low or weak muscle tone
Involuntary, rapid, rhythmic eye movements
|Reduced tendon reflexes||0001315|
Involuntary muscle stiffness, contraction, or spasm
|5%-29% of people have these symptoms|
Enlarged colon lacking nerve cells
|Percent of people who have these symptoms is not available through HPO|
|Abnormality of the cerebral white matter||0002500|
Difficulty articulating speech
|EMG: neuropathic changes||0003445|
Decreased muscle tone
Low muscle tone[ more ]
Sensory hallucination[ more ]
|Loss of speech||0002371|
Cognitive decline, progressive
Progressive cognitive decline[ more ]
|Progressive peripheral neuropathy||0007133|
Paralysis of all four limbs
Loss of bladder control
If someone has a
If someone has
More information about the use of genetic carrier testing is available on GeneTests' Web site and can be viewed by clicking here.
Individuals who are interested in learning about genetic testing and about their specific risk to be a carrier should speak with a genetics professional.
If you need medical advice, you can look for doctors or other healthcare professionals who have experience with this disease. You may find these specialists through advocacy organizations, clinical trials, or articles published in medical journals. You may also want to contact a university or tertiary medical center in your area, because these centers tend to see more complex cases and have the latest technology and treatments.
If you can’t find a specialist in your local area, try contacting national or international specialists. They may be able to refer you to someone they know through conferences or research efforts. Some specialists may be willing to consult with you or your local doctors over the phone or by email if you can't travel to them for care.
You can find more tips in our guide, How to Find a Disease Specialist. We also encourage you to explore the rest of this page to find resources that can help you find specialists.
Research helps us better understand diseases and can lead to advances in diagnosis and treatment. This section provides resources to help you learn about medical research and ways to get involved.
Support and advocacy groups can help you connect with other patients and families, and they can provide valuable services. Many develop patient-centered information and are the driving force behind research for better treatments and possible cures. They can direct you to research, resources, and services. Many organizations also have experts who serve as medical advisors or provide lists of doctors/clinics. Visit the group’s website or contact them to learn about the services they offer. Inclusion on this list is not an endorsement by GARD.
Living with a genetic or rare disease can impact the daily lives of patients and families. These resources can help families navigate various aspects of living with a rare disease.
These resources provide more information about this condition or associated symptoms. The in-depth resources contain medical and scientific language that may be hard to understand. You may want to review these resources with a medical professional.
Questions sent to GARD may be posted here if the information could be helpful to others. We remove all identifying information when posting a question to protect your privacy. If you do not want your question posted, please let us know. Submit a new question
My 2 year old grandson has MLD. So both parents are carriers. I have three other children and 2 of them have one child each. All 3 of my other children are planning to have another child. Who in the family needs to be tested for the carrier gene for MLD? Does a child of a carrier automatically become a carrier as well? Will that carrier gene continue to be passed on and should all my family be tested? See answer
We found out my cousin has metachromatic leukodystrophy about 8 months ago. He has the adult form. He was having some problems about a year before we found out. I was wondering how long he might have to live and how bad the disease will get over time. See answer