The United Leukodystrophy Foundation provides additional details related to the symptoms of this condition.
This table lists symptoms that people with this disease may have. For most diseases, symptoms will vary from person to person. People with the same disease may not have all the symptoms listed. This information comes from a database called the Human Phenotype Ontology (HPO) . The HPO collects information on symptoms that have been described in medical resources. The HPO is updated regularly. Use the HPO ID to access more in-depth information about a symptom.
|Medical Terms||Other Names||
|80%-99% of people have these symptoms|
|Abnormal pyramidal sign||0007256|
|Failure to thrive||
Weight faltering[ more ]
Mental retardation, nonspecific
Mental-retardation[ more ]
Increased size of skull
Large head circumference[ more ]
|Nausea and vomiting||0002017|
Abnormal curving of the spine
Involuntary muscle stiffness, contraction, or spasm
|30%-79% of people have these symptoms|
Abnormal deposits of calcium in the brain
Difficulty articulating speech
Swallowing difficulty[ more ]
Inability to produce voice sounds
Impaired gait[ more ]
Sweating, increased[ more ]
Low blood pressure
Abnormally low body temperature
Round back[ more ]
Involuntary, rapid, rhythmic eye movements
Drooping upper eyelid
Paralysis of all four limbs
|5%-29% of people have these symptoms|
|Abnormal autonomic nervous system physiology||0012332|
Loss of bowel control
Loss of developmental milestones
Mental deterioration in childhood[ more ]
Increased palatal height[ more ]
Too much cerebrospinal fluid in the brain
Low or weak muscle tone
Early onset of puberty
Early puberty[ more ]
Decreased length of neck
|Sudden cardiac death||
Premature sudden cardiac death
|Percent of people who have these symptoms is not available through HPO|
|Diffuse demyelination of the cerebral white matter||0007162|
Onset in first year of life
Onset in infancy[ more ]
Progressively abnormally enlarging cranium
Progressively abnormally enlarging skull[ more ]
If you need medical advice, you can look for doctors or other healthcare professionals who have experience with this disease. You may find these specialists through advocacy organizations, clinical trials, or articles published in medical journals. You may also want to contact a university or tertiary medical center in your area, because these centers tend to see more complex cases and have the latest technology and treatments.
If you can’t find a specialist in your local area, try contacting national or international specialists. They may be able to refer you to someone they know through conferences or research efforts. Some specialists may be willing to consult with you or your local doctors over the phone or by email if you can't travel to them for care.
You can find more tips in our guide, How to Find a Disease Specialist. We also encourage you to explore the rest of this page to find resources that can help you find specialists.
Research helps us better understand diseases and can lead to advances in diagnosis and treatment. This section provides resources to help you learn about medical research and ways to get involved.
Support and advocacy groups can help you connect with other patients and families, and they can provide valuable services. Many develop patient-centered information and are the driving force behind research for better treatments and possible cures. They can direct you to research, resources, and services. Many organizations also have experts who serve as medical advisors or provide lists of doctors/clinics. Visit the group’s website or contact them to learn about the services they offer. Inclusion on this list is not an endorsement by GARD.
Living with a genetic or rare disease can impact the daily lives of patients and families. These resources can help families navigate various aspects of living with a rare disease.
These resources provide more information about this condition or associated symptoms. The in-depth resources contain medical and scientific language that may be hard to understand. You may want to review these resources with a medical professional.
Questions sent to GARD may be posted here if the information could be helpful to others. We remove all identifying information when posting a question to protect your privacy. If you do not want your question posted, please let us know. Submit a new question
My step-daughter was diagnosed with Alexander Disease less than a year ago. She is 2 years old.We were recently told that the disease is spreading to her pituitary gland.What impact will this have on the progression of the disease? See answer
How many people are affected by Alexander disease? See answer