This table lists symptoms that people with this disease may have. For most diseases, symptoms will vary from person to person. People with the same disease may not have all the symptoms listed. This information comes from a database called the Human Phenotype Ontology (HPO) . The HPO collects information on symptoms that have been described in medical resources. The HPO is updated regularly. Use the HPO ID to access more in-depth information about a symptom.
|Medical Terms||Other Names||
|80%-99% of people have these symptoms|
Failure of development of eyebrows
Failure of development of eyelashes
|Percent of people who have these symptoms is not available through HPO|
Autoimmune disorder[ more ]
Pitted nails[ more ]
There are several recent studies showing that a class of medication known as JAK inhibitors, which includes Tofacitinib and Ruxolitinib, are effective in alopecia areata, including AU. However, JAK inhibitors have not yet been approved by the FDA for use in skin conditions.
In some people with AU, hair regrowth occurs without treatment, sometimes after many years.
There are steps that can be taken to decrease the chance of getting too much sun and minimize other discomforts related to having no hair. These may include:
Research helps us better understand diseases and can lead to advances in diagnosis and treatment. This section provides resources to help you learn about medical research and ways to get involved.
Support and advocacy groups can help you connect with other patients and families, and they can provide valuable services. Many develop patient-centered information and are the driving force behind research for better treatments and possible cures. They can direct you to research, resources, and services. Many organizations also have experts who serve as medical advisors or provide lists of doctors/clinics. Visit the group’s website or contact them to learn about the services they offer. Inclusion on this list is not an endorsement by GARD.
These resources provide more information about this condition or associated symptoms. The in-depth resources contain medical and scientific language that may be hard to understand. You may want to review these resources with a medical professional.
Got a Great Research Idea? ‘All of Us’ Wants to Hear It!
January 18, 2018
New NCATS Rare Diseases Research Video
December 27, 2017
Rare Disease Day at NIH on March 1, 2018
December 19, 2017
Questions sent to GARD may be posted here if the information could be helpful to others. We remove all identifying information when posting a question to protect your privacy. If you do not want your question posted, please let us know. Submit a new question
What is the cause of my condition? And how many people get this? Can it be causing other side effects? See answer
Is this form of alopecia be reversible? Can the hair just grow back one day? See answer
My fiance has alopecia universalis. He has no family history of this condition. Recently, I read that the disease is hereditary. This worries me. Please help me understand our future children's chance of developing alopecia universalis. See answer
Is there a cure for alopecia universalis? See answer
I was born with alopecia universalis. I have recently had regrowth of thin sparse hairs. What can I expect from this condition? Will my hair ever grow back fully and can the condition be cured? See answer