This table lists symptoms that people with this disease may have. For most diseases, symptoms will vary from person to person. People with the same disease may not have all the symptoms listed. This information comes from a database called the Human Phenotype Ontology (HPO) . The HPO collects information on symptoms that have been described in medical resources. The HPO is updated regularly. Use the HPO ID to access more in-depth information about a symptom.
|Medical Terms||Other Names||
|30%-79% of people have these symptoms|
Permanent enlargement of the airways of the lungs
|Clubbing of fingers||
Finger clubbing[ more ]
Acid reflux disease
Heartburn[ more ]
|Ground-glass opacification on pulmonary HRCT||0025179|
|Reticular pattern on pulmonary HRCT||0025390|
|5%-29% of people have these symptoms|
|Percent of people who have these symptoms is not available through HPO|
Scar tissue replaces healthy tissue in the liver
|Elevated bronchoalveolar lavage fluid neutrophil proportion||0032977|
Increased blood pressure in blood vessels of lungs
|Usual interstitial pneumonia||0031950|
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The natural history of IPF is not completely understood. While it usually follows a course of progressive deterioration, some people remain stable for extended periods and individual outcomes can vary significantly. Still, long-term survival of IPF is not expected.
It now appears that three potential disease courses exist, but there is not currently a definitive way to predict the course in an affected person. They are:
a) slowly progressive disease (the most common);
b) disease marked by episodes of acute exacerbations; and
c) rapidly progressive disease.
If you need medical advice, you can look for doctors or other healthcare professionals who have experience with this disease. You may find these specialists through advocacy organizations, clinical trials, or articles published in medical journals. You may also want to contact a university or tertiary medical center in your area, because these centers tend to see more complex cases and have the latest technology and treatments.
If you can’t find a specialist in your local area, try contacting national or international specialists. They may be able to refer you to someone they know through conferences or research efforts. Some specialists may be willing to consult with you or your local doctors over the phone or by email if you can't travel to them for care.
You can find more tips in our guide, How to Find a Disease Specialist. We also encourage you to explore the rest of this page to find resources that can help you find specialists.
Related diseases are conditions that have similar signs and symptoms. A health care provider may consider these conditions in the table below when making a diagnosis. Please note that the table may not include all the possible conditions related to this disease.
Conditions with similar signs and symptoms from Orphanet
Differential diagnosis includes other idiopathic interstitial pneumonias, connective tissue diseases (systemic sclerosis, polymyositis, rheumatoid arthritis), forme fruste of autoimmune disorders, chronic hypersensitivity pneumonitis (see these terms) and other environmental (sometimes occupational) exposures.
Visit the Orphanet disease page for more information.
Research helps us better understand diseases and can lead to advances in diagnosis and treatment. This section provides resources to help you learn about medical research and ways to get involved.
Support and advocacy groups can help you connect with other patients and families, and they can provide valuable services. Many develop patient-centered information and are the driving force behind research for better treatments and possible cures. They can direct you to research, resources, and services. Many organizations also have experts who serve as medical advisors or provide lists of doctors/clinics. Visit the group’s website or contact them to learn about the services they offer. Inclusion on this list is not an endorsement by GARD.
Living with a genetic or rare disease can impact the daily lives of patients and families. These resources can help families navigate various aspects of living with a rare disease.
These resources provide more information about this condition or associated symptoms. The in-depth resources contain medical and scientific language that may be hard to understand. You may want to review these resources with a medical professional.
Questions sent to GARD may be posted here if the information could be helpful to others. We remove all identifying information when posting a question to protect your privacy. If you do not want your question posted, please let us know. Submit a new question
I have been diagnosed with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. There is no cure. The only prognosis I have found on the internet is 3 - 5 years of life after first diagnosis. Yet I read on blogs that many live longer without a lung transplant. Do you have more info? See answer
My wife was recently diagnosed with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. She is being treated with N-Acetylcysteine, an anti-oxidant supplement. Is there a newer therapy or treatment for this condition? See answer